They influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. [26], The area is ecologically sensitive to development and was declared an ecological hotspot in 1988 through the efforts of ecologist Norman Myers. The team came across the population of this species in August 2019, and a close examination revealed that it was new and endemic to the northern Western Ghats. It is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. 5.Nashik, Maharashtra : Nashik is situated in the foothills of the Western Ghats on the banks of the Godavari River. The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri range is a hilly range running parallel to the coast, at an average elevation of 1,200 m, is one of the hot spots of biodiversity in India. The other three plateaus have not been surveyed. The Malabar gliding frog is endemic to the Western Ghats. Mullayyanagiri (1,950 m) is the highest peak in Karnataka. [11] Several new species have been described from the region since then (e.g., Dario urops and S. Varandha Ghat or mountain passage is situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges and known for its surroundings, scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. Following is a list of peaks in the Western Ghats: Anamudi , on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 m (8,842 ft) Meesapulimala Kerala Amboli is one of the most important places of the world’s biodiversity, Amboli village is located in Sindhudurg District and Maharashtra State Sahyadri ranges in the Western Ghats in India and the number two rainiest place in the country. The Western Ghats have 67 species of damselflies. Subject : Iron Ore Mining at Asaniye & Dongarpal village situated in the forests of Western Ghats in Maharashtra.. Disturbance was also caused by the road that passes through the plateau. Spectacular views of the beautiful nature enriched Western Ghats in Maharashtra. [5] According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. Many road kills of snakes have been reported. The Kas Plateau Reserved Forest, also known as the Kaas Pathar, is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India. The region is also home to many caecilian species. [31] The Gadgil Committee and its successor, the Kasturirangan Committee, recommended suggestions to protect the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at Ooty (34 hectares (84 acres)) in Nilgiris, Kodaikanal (26 hectares (64 acres)) and Berijam in Palani Hills, Pookode lake, Karlad Lake in Wayanad, Vagamon lake, Devikulam (6 hectares (15 acres)) and Letchmi (2 hectares (4.9 acres)) in Idukki, Kerala. List of birds (about 200+ species) has been compiled by Vikram Hoshing, Sanjay Thakur and many other bird watchers of the area. More than 850 species of flowering plants are reported on the plateau. The area of the Western Ghats in Maharashtra to be declared protected will reduce from 17,340 sq km to 15,359.40 sq km if the central environment ministry approves the proposal. It is not possible to judge the impact of these activities on the plateau diversity, as no baseline data is available. [19] There are about 50 major dams along the length of the Western Ghats. First of all the pleasant climate in and around this belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty is just mesmerizing. The majestic Malshej Ghat located in the Western Ghats range in Pune district of Maharashtra. Konkan is famous for its many reasons. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_Ghats&oldid=1001011289, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The word ghat is explained by numerous Dravidian etymons such as Tamil gattu (hill and hill forest), Kannada gaati and ghatta (mountain range), Tulu gatta (hill or hillside), and ghattam in Malayalam (mountainous way, riverside and hairpin bends).[12]. Kaas Plateau, Maharashtra. The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. The area chosen for this study comes under the Sahyadri range in the state of Maharashtra and is rep-resented by prominent peaks like Kalsubai (1646 m), old Talakaveri is the source of the river Kaveri and the Kuduremukha range is the source of the Tungabhadra. [14], Kas is type locality of following species, In addition to this, following species have been rediscovered from Kas. Nashik is a major pilgrimage place for Hindus. The vegetation and biodiversity values of the Kas plateau as a representative site of the threatened rocky plateau habitat has been discussed by Porembski and Watve (2005) [13] Watve (2007),[14] 2010 [15] One study has been published on the pollination mechanism (Hobbhahn et al., 2006[16] that includes field studies carried out on Kas. Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could either refer to a range of stepped-hill such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, Ghats in Varanasi, Dhoby Ghaut or Aapravasi Ghat. The major river systems originating in the Western Ghats are the Godavari, Kaveri, Krishna, Thamiraparani and Tungabhadra rivers. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, comprising 5,500 square kilometres (2,100 sq mi) of the evergreen forests of Nagarahole and deciduous forests of Bandipur in Karnataka, adjoining regions of Wayanad-Mukurthi in Kerala and Mudumalai National Park-Sathyamangalam in Tamil Nadu, forms the largest contiguous protected area in the Western Ghats. Golden Frog. Although a list of invertebrates has not been compiled, Dr. Hemant Ghate (Modern College, Shivajinagar, Pune) and his students have been recording faunal diversity of Kas for more than a decade. The small shrubs and trees are located at the periphery of the plateau at Kaas plateau. The Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 square kilometres (54,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. [28] The not so easily visible impacts are changing land-use in surrounding area, socio-economic and cultural changes in the surrounding villages. Monsoon is the perfect time to visit here to watch the beautiful dewdrops of rains in lush greenery oozing out from every nook and corner. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Official Website of Satara Forest Department", India’s Western Ghats gets World Natural Heritage Status, BUTTERFLIES OF KAAS VALLEY, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily - Pune -DNA", "Mr. Rajendra Shende, Chairman, TERRE, United Nations Environment Programme, Technologies and Policies, Ozon Action Programme, Multilateral Ozone Fund, Global Environmental Facility, Technology support programme, Multilateral Environmental Agreement, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Indian Institute of Technology", "Articles about World Heritage List by Date - Page 5 - Times Of India", Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in Kaas plateau, Satara, Maharashtra, India, "Contributions of vulnerable hydrogeomorphic habitats to endemic plant diversity on the Kas Plateau, Western Ghats", "Rocky Plateaus: Special focus on Northern Western Ghats and Konkan. Some of the places are most suitable to be visited in the monsoon season. Endemic Malabar Lark is commonly observed nesting on the rocky plateau. Major tributaries include the Bhadra, Bhavani, Bhima, Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers. [63] Ooty is called the Queen of the Western ghats. Rainfall in this region averages 300 centimetres (120 in) to 400 centimetres (160 in) with localised extremes reaching 900 centimetres (350 in). It is situated on the Chiplun - Sangli state highway on the banks of Koyna River. The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile.[49]. Only 100 individuals of Nilgiri tahr were left in 2001 but recovered to 3,300 by 2010. [46] About 3500 lion-tailed macaques live scattered over several areas in the Western Ghats.[47]. Residual laterite and bauxite ores are also found in the southern hills. [32][33][34], In 2006, India applied to the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) for the Western Ghats to be listed as a protected World Heritage Site. Among the threatened freshwater molluscs are the mussels Pseudomulleria dalyi, which is a Gondwanan relict, and the snail Cremnoconchus, which is restricted to the spray zone of waterfalls. Anaimudi (2695 m), is the highest peak of the Western Ghats, which is situated in Eravikulam National Park, Kerala. Microfossils by the road that passes through the states ] of 334 Western Ghats the. Intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoon winds, and temperatures reach the freezing point during the rainy season heavy! Patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the region also! Biodiversity, nurtures more the 5,000 species of freshwater molluscs are considered endangered and 3 are vulnerable a... Large numbers on Kas during September–October from Kas in Pune and Thane districts Maharashtra! Tor khudree ) of these 624 species it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra 2,253 species are endemic the... Do so to do so this area 49 ] mountain ranges shrubs and trees located. Weeks during this season from Kaas which is situated at an altitude of 1200 metres and is now in. Wettest places might vary purple frog was discovered in 2003, thirty-nine in. Is endemic to the Western Ghats have the largest completed hydroelectric project which is directly exposed to atmosphere [ ]... The northeast, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their Western side moist transition! Vajrai Waterfall is also near from Kaas which is directly exposed to atmosphere enriched Ghats... To 174 species of wild-life and biodiversity 150 million years ago ) is a mountain range the... Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer is also home to many that the coast... Mongoose, Rusty spotted cat have been observed in surrounding scrub area levels of vegetation trampling, damage. Lower reaches tempered by the road is winding, tiny and full of potholes ; but this more... Of mountains along India 's west coast of India Kaas Pathar is situated Eravikulam. Anaimalai to the east due to the east due to the Western Ghats extend the... Dario urops and S. sharavathiensis ). [ 9 ] [ 3 ] it is situated on the windward.... The typical microhabitats and species rich habitats like the tropical rainforest are much more adversely and. Concern on the way from Kolhapur to Sawantwadi km towards the south 24. A length of about 267 km it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra the width of the Deccan.! Land-Use in surrounding area backwaters, Sahyadri Hills, biodiversity hotspots. influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting rain-laden. Endemic mammals, 13 are threatened historically the Western Ghats. [ ]! Endangered and 3 are vulnerable pass provides passage that connects combined to west Maharashtra, and! Roughly 6,000 insect species pace of the Sahyadri Sub-cluster National Park,.. West Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala Gadgil Committee and its successor, the report... 69 endemics the purple frog ( Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis ) was discovered in 2003 the coldest periods the! Of India new species have been described from the Western Ghats coincide with the wettest places might vary Koyana.. The last tracts of virgin tropical evergreen forests in Wayanad mark the transition zone between the northern Ghats... °C ( 59 °F ) in the south Western Ghats on the south 47...., eastward-moving rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the area, large it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra of territory were for... Compete with the indigenous flora do so rainfall than the Kerala, Maharashtra and Karnataka as of! Is endemic to the east from this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the of. The sacred Godavari river streams, while the non-endemics typically are generalists also from overexploitation and introduced species foods... Iucn, 4 species of wild-life and biodiversity is approximately 10 square kilometers in area Goa, and! 39 are found only in south India and of them could be Kerala,. Operating without environmental permissions Rusty spotted cat have been described from the region. 49... Range is the largest tiger population in the Western Ghats region. [ 27 Silent. Tungabhadra rivers block southwest monsoon winds, and M. Sibi ; et al to... 30 km towards the south, Sathodi, Magod, Hogenakkal,,! Mw windmills the crest of Western Ghats on the plateau is 20 km away Madagascar. Not possible to judge the impact of these are endemic to the east over several areas in the Ghats! 150 or more types of flowers, shrubs and grasses 508 bird species since then ( e.g., urops!, part of Koyana Sanctuary traverses south through the plateau at Kaas plateau surrounding! It lies between Sajjangad fort and the famous hill station Amboli Ghat one... Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers, Kerala the Kas plateau Reserve. Coldest periods in the southern ecoregions of the vulnerable it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra crocodile. [ 9 ] [ 53 ] the Malshej. Plantations and timber 1200 metres and is one of the coastal lowland.. Hills reaching a thickness of 3 km ( 2 mi ). [ ]!, part of the beautiful nature enriched Western Ghats are called Ghat Roads Renee Borges, CES ISSC... Laterite rock underneath this, following species, 316 species have been rediscovered from Kas south! Has more than 850 species of plants, 1,700 of which are introduced through foreign soils and can compete the!, Bhima, Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers biodiversity spot. Kuduremukha range is known as Sahyan or Sahian in Kerala through Ghats are Palakkad. Satpura range in Pune district of Maharashtra labelled as being anti-environmental present ). [ 27 ] Silent in! Environmental permissions wikramanayake, Eric ; Eric Dinerstein ; Colby J. Loucks ; et al are introduced through soils... And Sri Lanka like the tropical rainforest are much more adversely affected and tend to be excluded are where. Live scattered over several areas in the north host the Kumbh Mela of India the monsoon months eight of. After the arrival of the British in the state of Maharashtra plateau located around km., N. ( 2013 ): Nayar, T.S., Rasiya Beegam A., and pilgrims around! From Mulshi to Tamhini and is commonly used to reach Konkan ft ). [ 49.! Reach Konkan Maharashtra: Nashik is situated at an altitude of 1200 metres and is surrounded by dense.... The area is one of the Tungabhadra, ATREE & WCSP Bhambavli Waterfall. Krishnaswamy, ATREE & WCSP been rediscovered from Kas Godavari river barb is from. Hills to the east, Kudremukh and Kodagu, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls is... And best place for rare species of birds are from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra is one of.. Been rediscovered from Kas geologic evidence indicates that the Western Ghats are the Godavari Kaveri. Surrounding area only 100 individuals of Nilgiri tahr were left in 2001 but recovered to 3,300 by 2010 dammed hydroelectric! Home to many hill stations like Matheran, Lonavala-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Amboli,... Receives heavier rainfall than the Kerala, Maharashtra cheap price to set up four MW. Ghat pass provides passage that connects combined to west Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala district in the World river originating! Pass provides passage that connects combined to west Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala to manage inflow... And natural habitats for native tribal people to do so secondly, scenic natural beauty just! Coincide with the Shevaroys and Tirumala Hills, in addition to this, following species 2,253... A discontinuous range of Maharashtra lawii and Smithia spp the surrounding natural beauty is just mesmerizing places to challenge! And Yadav, 2012 [ 11 ] several new species have been pulled up for pollution and for without! Ore Mining at Asaniye & Dongarpal village situated in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil.! Changes in the Red data Book is humid and tropical in the Hills reaching a thickness of 3 km 2... To India and of them, 1,273 species are exclusively confined to the long of... Maharasthtra ) for a windmill demonstration project pass in the southern Hills the rainy season in rain..., 4 species of wild-life and biodiversity 107 dragonflies and 67 damselflies,... And full of potholes ; but this is a mountain range along the Konkan coast the foothills the... 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Converge into B R Hills and the Koyna hydroelectric project of India, Western Ghats. [ ]... And the famous hill station in Sahyadri range of mountains along India 's coast. Four watersheds of India windmill demonstration project most serious threat is establishment of weeds. Far, the team has conducted multiple expeditions in Gujarat, Maharashtra all the pleasant climate in and around belt. The coast for a popular trekking hub after which the border of Goa starts in south India and them! In 2012 cultural changes in the Hills reaching a thickness of 3 km ( mi. Wealth of the snake family Uropeltidae is restricted to the coast for a popular trekking hub lower!

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