Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration, according to the German NGO network Human Rights Forum, The length of time asylum seekers and people listed for deportations can be obliged to reside in reception facilities increased from a maximum of 6 months to maximum 18 months, Asylum seekers who mislead authorities about their nationality or identity and those who come from countries, People listed for deportation can now be placed in regular prisons with convicted criminals (though in separate sections) as there is not enough space in existing reception facilities, Authorities responsible for carrying out deportations of people that are not residing in reception facilities are granted the right to access apartments without a judicial order in certain circumstances, Public officials (and others who are employed in positions of authority) that secretly notify people listed for deportation about the date and time of a planned deportation will now be liable to criminal prosecution. He explained the new legislation signals that Germany opens its arms only to foreigners who are useful for its economy. For six out of 10 German enterprises workforce shortages are a threat, according to a 2018 survey by the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry. I am Mohammad Tuhin from Bangladesh . You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. My WhatsApp number+923475299944, Hello sir I’m need visa work permit everything work and job. The previously applicable restriction on shortage occupations is eliminated. A waiting period of three months after the rejection of the asylum application is introduced. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. By Francis Tawiah (Duisburg - Germany) LISTEN NOV 21, 2018 Specialist Training. German historian Jochen Oltmer sees the new legislation as an attempt by the government to show it is politically able to control migration. … A police bus transporting newly arrived asylum seekers in 2015 from an isolated forest border crossing on to the regional capital of Passau to be processed. But Professor Thomas Groß, of the Institute of Migration Research and Intercultural Studies at Osnabrück University, suggests that the legislation in fact aims to deter all who arrive through irregular means  – including asylum seekers – from coming to Germany: ”The basic idea [reflected in the new legislation] is that only people who were admitted to Germany in the regular procedure of visa are welcome, but people who came on their own and claimed to be refugees, are not welcome,” Groß said in an interview with MMC. The flight will be going to Switzerland, Germany and Austria under Dublin convention legislation, EU rules that require asylum seekers to claim asylum in … With the planned new law on the immigration of skilled workers, the German coalition also wants to create new opportunities for rejected asylum seekers. Asylum seekers are seeking protection from fear and perceived danger. The country's interior minister is pushing for changes to … MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The German parliament adopted a package of laws on Thursday that will harden rules for asylum seekers who try to dodge deportation or commit crimes in Germany. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. To this end the residency obligation has … I am Bachelor degree and 3month diploma office management. The so-called “Migration Pack” brings more details for the Asylum seekers in Germany with a focus on new benefits and hard-line restrictions. The measures are said to be a reaction to December's Christmas market attack in Berlin by the rejected asylum seeker Anis Amri, who plowed a truck into a crowd of people, killing 12. For future Ausbildungsduldung: Some of them get a little more money (Sozialsgeld) because the cost of living has increased since the last adjustment. In 1990, the German parliament passed reforms to the Foreigners' Law that granted an unconditional right of residency to all asylum seekers, except those with a criminal record, who had lived in Germany for more than eight years by 1990. According to further details, “Bundestag” (the lower house of the German parliament) passed on 07.06.2019 seven law regulations on asylum, deportations, and skilled labor immigration. But they alone will probably not solve the skilled labor problem. Therefore, the entry requirements for skilled workers from other states should be relaxed somewhat. He noted that in the early 1980s and 1990s when German governments were also faced with relatively large influxes of asylum seekers, they similarly responded with new laws to restrict migration and asylum: “There has been a relatively straightforward pattern: whenever the number of people seeking protection increases and there is a debate in society where many are in favour of shutting down access to asylum, the government promotes legislative tightening that threatens the livelihood of refugees,” Oltmer said in an interview with the Berlin-based Migration Media Service. Germany Restores EU Rules for Syrian Asylum Seekers In practice, few will be affected, but move signals balancing act as Merkel faces pushback on refugee policy In order to get Beschäftigungsduldung of 30 months, the asylum seekers must have the following conditions met: The unmarried children living in a family partnership with the foreigner also receive a Duldung for the same period. Germany’s legislative package appears to be a continuation of two existing trends in migration and asylum policies in the EU and worldwide. What can I do if my asylum application is rejected in Germany? Countries establish procedures to determine whether a person is a refugee. Applying procedure, deadlines, and process 2020, How to get admission in German University, Subject Wise List of Universities in Germany, List of Documents for Germany Student Visa. Following a week of violence in Germany, questions are being raised about asylum seekers in the country. The asylum seeker is one of four who have filed urgent cases in local courts, said local member of parliament Juliane Nagel of Germany’s left-leaning party Die Linke. The term for Asylum law”Geordnete-Rückkehr-Gesetz” (“Orderly Return Law”) may seem a tough act for asylum seekers but there are certain benefits that will allow them to stay a bit longer even if they have received deportation (conditions apply) order (Duldung). Caveat: This only applies to those who came to Germany before August 1, 2018 The Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project (ASAP) has created and compiled the following resources for individuals seeking asylum in U.S. immigration courts. Read here complete information about new German Work Visa Law announced last month. In essence, the new legislation makes it possible for foreign nationals of all skill levels to come to live in Germany if they can secure employment and meet certain standards, according to Demetrios Papademetriou of the Migration Policy Institute. The professions most in demand are health care workers and engineers, according to Petra Bendel, the chairwoman of the Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration, who said that these labour shortages are already hurting German businesses. In addition, the employer no longer has to prove that he has not found a German or an EU citizen who could do the job. The study identified that migration from other European Union countries will not be sufficient to meet the labour demand in Germany, and therefore most of the foreigners would need to come from outside the EU. Legal assistance is not systematically available to asylum seekers in Germany. I am Abdul Qadeer from Pakistan. You will live in an initial reception center or an emergency shelter at the beginning. Required fields are marked *. The refugee organization Pro Asyl speaks of the “Hau-ab-Gesetz” (“get lost law”). A key component of the recently approved legislative package is the Orderly Return Act, which aims to ensure the departure from Germany of people who have been listed for deportation; such as asylum-seekers whose application have been rejected, and students, workers or tourists who overstayed their visa. Twenty-two civil society organisations, including Amnesty International and Pro Asyl, have criticised the legislation in a letter to parliament, saying it imposes disproportionate penalties and a limitless extension of the grounds for detention, and will cause tens of thousands of people in Germany to live in permanent fear of imprisonment and deportation. On Monday, USCIS announced a new rule that will affect the employment eligibility (EAD) requirements for asylum-seekers. Which foreigners does Germany seek to attract? [1] The package includes reforms to six German laws: the Orderly Return Act, the Skilled Immigration Act, the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, the Residence Act, the Foreign Employment Promotion Act, and the Education and Employment Tolerance Act. Although EU citizens are already allowed to work in Germany, they do so in large numbers. I want work visa Germany. The right of asylum for victims of political persecution is a basic right stipulated in the Constitution of Germany.In a wider sense, the right of asylum recognises the definition of 'refugee' as established in the 1951 Refugee Convention and is understood to protect asylum seekers from deportation and grant them certain protections under the law. The time limit will be still shorter for families. Having had the experience of 12 years in this field, he keeps on his eyes on all the latest happenings on these topics. However, this information is not a substitute for advice from an attorney. Interior Minister Horst Seehofer described the legislative package as crucial for protecting the asylum system from people who do not have a protection need. Rules regarding free access to asylum seekers’ smartphones demonstrate "massive encroachments on the privacy of tens of thousands of people,” Scharlau stressed. Due to custody rights before deportation, there will be now least chances for people to get away without being deported. However, the increase should be implemented “cost-neutral”. i need work visa, brother you better learn some other skills in order to get a work visa and job in DE. Asylum-seekers and tolerated foreign citizens are to be allowed to move more freely within the Federal Republic of Germany. The alternative model, a merit-based approach in which the government selects immigrants based on their human-capital attributes, is used in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. I am pizza chef from Pakista +923423564745. According to Papademetriou, the loosening of immigration laws in the recent legislation is a continuation of the demand-driven approach towards migration that Germany began adopting at the start of the decade. As of the end of the first quarter of 2019, there were 1,380,000 vacancies across the German economy. Welfare organisations and other NGOs offer free advice services which include basic legal advice.38In some initial reception centres (including the arrival centres and AnkER centres) welfare organisations or refugee councils have regular office hours or asylum seekers can easily access the offices of such organisations close to the centres. Founder of "visa-guru.com" group. New Rules Bar Asylum Seekers with Needless Cruelty Washington, D.C. (October 20, 2020) – The National Immigrant Justice Center (NIJC) condemns the extensive bars to asylum protection the Trump administration has announced will be implemented. In addition, skilled migrant workers can come to Germany for 6 months to look for a job. New rules say asylum seekers won’t be able to work for at least one year, without assistance from the US government. People living with dementia, Trisomy 21 (so-called "Down Syndrome"), and transplant patients are also in this group. The government says there’re about 12,000 Nigerians in the country whose asylum applications have been rejected and have been asked to leave the country. In many industries, there is a shortage of skilled workers. Germany’s list for deportation included 238,740 foreign nationals as of the end of January this year; that represents an increase of 15% compared to 2015. What about rejected asylum seekers who have found work? Hard lines have been drawn now for those who are to be deported from Germany. Germany’s policymakers have in previous decades implemented mass regularizations of people with tolerated status – in 1990 and in 2007 – but the 2019 legislative package does not do that. Bendel noted that it was the German private sector that lobbied hardest to include in the new legislative package reforms to the Skilled Immigration Act. If it had not been blocked, the rule would have made it more difficult for asylum seekers to submit their asylum application (Form I-589) to the immigration court. The measures that make it easier for certain selected foreigners to come work in Germany are part of the global competition for labour, in which governments of advanced economies are adopting more welcoming policies to attract immigrants who can help drive economic growth. my poste nuber DC1889852 please sunde me viza, hi sir i m muhammad asif haw are you I’m poor from home, make me a German visa sand, Your email address will not be published. Asylum seekers in Germany are entitled to receive the same level of benefits as the country's welfare recipients, the Constitutional Court ruled on … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. About 1.1 million refugees are registered in Germany, making it the fifth largest refugee-hosting country worldwide. The number of foreigners living in Germany increased from 6.7 million in 2005 to 10.9 million in 2018. The Immigration Act contains provisions on the entry of foreigners into Germany, their residence in the country, various residence purposes, the termination of residence and asylum procedures. Enter your email here to get registered for free visa and immigration news, tips, and procedure. Actual school attendance of school-age children. Lowering obstacles for immigration of non-European workers is the objective of other new measures in the new legislative package. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Both rules modify the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) regulations governing asylum applications, interviews, and eligibility for employment authorization based on a pending asylum application. “This is a rather extraordinary opening as far as Germany is concerned,” Papademetriou told MMC. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Installers, programmers, nurses – the list of trained professionals who are short in, The official news link of Bundesregierung can be found by clicking, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window). The government calls it “Orderly Return Law”. Investments are low because enterprises know they won’t find skilled workers,” Bendel told MMC. The new German rules on family reunification will mean asylum seekers with so-called "subsidiary protection", a … So far, an employment contract was a prerequisite for entry or it was only possible for highly qualified people. Countries establish procedures to determine whether a person is a refugee. The highest number of first-time asylum applicants in the third quarter of 2020 was registered in Germany (with 27 200 first-time applicants, or 24 % of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States), followed by Spain (26 900, or 24 %), France (21 700, or 19 %) and Greece (8 600, or 8 %). The Grand German Parliament Coalition has agreed on a migration law package. This means that for them the lower rule rate of about 136 Euro per month applies. The ordinance did not contain any specific provisions regarding asylum-seekers, rather it gave Germany's immigration police a large discretion over granting individuals asylum. Rule Imposing 15-Day Filing Deadline and New Rules for Asylum Applications – BLOCKED BY FEDERAL COURT. Where working in Germany will be made easier and in a … Following the ordinance, any stateless persons in 1953 would be granted asylum in Germany, so long as such a person was 'not seen as an enemy of Germany's new constitutional order, didn't threaten … The identity of the Asylum seeker must also be clarified for the granting of Ausbildungsduldung. Germany Germany: Chances of refugees gaining asylum depend on where they apply. A key component of the recently approved legislative package is the Orderly Return Act, which aims to ensure the departure from Germany of people who have been listed for deportation; such as asylum-seekers whose application have been rejected, and students, workers or tourists who overstayed their visa. Under new asylum rules, the U.S. will now reject asylum seekers looking for protection from: – terrorists – gangs – 'rouge' government officials. Some 450,000 asylum seekers have entered Germany already this year and up to a million are expected in 2015 - by far the most in the EU. So far, they are basically distributed to the municipalities after six months. This new rule significantly changes the requirements for obtaining work authorization, including a one-year imposed wait time between applying for asylum and filing for employment authorization and ineligibility for people with certain convictions. “In many enterprises, capacities are already – and sometimes even permanently – overloaded because they lack personnel. What courses are taught in Studienkollegs? This article examines why the German government pushed forward this new legislative package, how the demand-driven approach towards migration that’s reflected in this legislation may impact migration to Germany, and whether the new measures shrink the space available for foreigners in need of protection. In 2019, Britain used this system to ask for more than 3,000 transfers, but only 263 were actually made. The asylum procedure is regulated in the German Asylum Act.The process consists of several steps: asylum application, Dublin examination ("Dublin-Prüfung"), hearing and decision making. Meanwhile, thousands of asylum seekers still languish in dangerous camps at Europe’s borders. Can I receive asylum seekers' benefit? In the future, tuition can also be granted for training in a state-approved or similarly regulated assistance and helper profession, if a qualified training in a shortage is subsequently to be completed and a training commitment is available. Applications can be submitted no later than this date”. Most of them were to Germany, Italy and France – countries that … Asylum seekers and staff of asylum seeker facilities, as well as homeless shelters, are in category two. Angela Merkel calls for new rules for distributing asylum seekers in Europe. In addition to existing grounds for refusal under existing law, Ausbildungsduldung will in future be denied to foreigners with links to extremist or terrorist organizations. I am in Qatar. How to find seasonal (farm worker) jobs in Italy for Decreto Flussi. The second group also includes people from the age of 70 and those with a very high or high risk from COVID-19. The rest of the people listed for deportation – a total of 182,169 foreign nationals as of the end of January 2019 – have obtained “tolerated” status, which means their deportation is temporarily postponed due to one or a combination of reasons such as lack of travel documents, family ties to a person with residency, or a serious medical concern that must be treated in Germany. Regularizing the residency status of tolerated asylum seekers is not new in Germany. According to this law, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) is responsible for the examination of asylum applications. What are the newest changes in the German asylum law? After this period, under certain conditions, they will be able to get “Aufenthaltserlaubnis” (residence permit). New Asylum and Migration Management Procedures Proposed by the Commission. The Chapter: Asylum Procedure in Germany contains sections on: A. Rejected asylum seekers with a steady job, who earn their own living and speak German shall be entitled to a tolerated stay (“Duldung”), which allows them to stay for the time being. In many industries, there is a shortage of skilled workers. All right reserved. A group of 26 rejected asylum seekers has arrived in Kabul after being deported from Germany, officials said. They may also enter without training (apprenticeship or formal education) – provided they can prove that they have worked abroad for several years in the industry”. In Germany, the rights and obligations of asylum seekers and the responsible authorities are defined by the Asylum Act. To find out if asylum-seekers had already registered in other EU countries, British officials could tap into the bloc's fingerprint database of asylum applicants, EURODAC, and set the ball rolling. On Wednesday, the EU Commission finally unveiled the Union’s new reform ideas. The Act includes the following measures: While the above-mentioned measures negatively impacted the so-called “tolerated” people, the new legislative package does also include a new measure that allows certain, well-integrated “tolerated” individuals to gain extended-but-not-permanent stay. Please tel me soon thank my contact number is 0346-6318945. As Germany grapples with an extraordinary week of violence, critics have raised concerns over the system for admitting and settling asylum seekers and migrants from war-ravaged countries. Another one of the new immigration rules, scheduled to take effect January 15, has been blocked by a federal judge. Your email address will not be published. In addition, single adults should live longer in initial reception centers – usually up to 18 months. T he European Union’s leadership has proposed “strict” new EU-wide asylum rule to deter unfounded claims.. Immigration minister Chris Philp has outlined a new law that will effectively ban migrants from making UK asylum claims when intercepted at sea by Border Force vessels after Brexit. Germany has successfully integrated big numbers of asylum seekers. Germany, which has for two years been Europe's leading destination for asylum seekers, is planning to toughen its immigration laws as it struggles to deal with a growing influx of new arrivals Stricter asylum rules to go into effect in Germany | DW News But before you can formally apply for asylum ("Asylantrag"), you must first register as an asylum … Trump's New Asylum Rules A Hard Blow To The Thousands Waiting To Cross Legally "People get in line, everything is regulated," said one migrant who has … . Last year, Horst Seehofer triggered heated debates over Germany’s refugee policy with his 'Migration Masterplan', aimed at tightening migration rules and promised another crusade in 2019 to prevent asylum seekers whose applications had been rejected from illegally staying in Germany. The official news link of Bundesregierung can be found by clicking here. What do I need to know about the asylum system in Germany? What is Dublin III? Arrival of 26 asylum seekers marks the 35th deportation flight from Germany to Afghanistan since December 2016, DPA says. His main goal is to provide open source free of cost information about visa, immigration, jobs, and settlement abroad. The New Pact on Migration and Asylum foresees new integrated procedures for asylum seekers which will start at the borders and will compromise of: pre-entry screening ; an asylum procedure; a swift return procedure where applicable; speed up decision-making; All these procedures will be accompanied by … Visa requirements for skilled non-EU nationals who have an employment contract in Germany have been eased, and non-EU nationals who do not have a concrete job offer but do have basic German language skills and can financially support themselves and their families, will now be able to come to Germany for up to six months to search for a job. Moreover, more than 20,000 cases filed by Nigerians are yet to be … These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made. ASYLUM RULES UK: So, what is the definition of an asylum seeker? Officially, therefore, the asylum procedure begins when the individual applies for asylum. The number of asylum-seekers in Germany is growing rapidly and many towns and cities are struggling to house them. Which foreigners does Germany want to deter? New Rules for Asylum Applicants filing for an EAD: Frequently Asked Questions Posted on Aug 04 2020 Current as of July 28, 2020 There are two new rules going into effect. [2] Papademetriou expects that Germany’s new measures will motivate employers to recruit workers internationally and cause an increase of arrivals as long as the German economy continues to grow. Now for those who do not have a particularly low paying job and no assets, then the will. The ones who are employed ) and procedure seeking asylum in U.S. immigration courts but out... New migration and refugees ( BAMF ) is responsible for the granting of Ausbildungsduldung when individual. Website to function properly risk from COVID-19 your accommodation and food asylum Act you use website. Need work visa, immigration, jobs, and procedure agreed on a migration package., ” Papademetriou told MMC custody rights before deportation, there is a political refugee who has left their country... Even permanently – overloaded because they lack personnel that ensures basic functionalities and security features of asylum... These topics defend their rights will come into force on 1 January 2020 and returning citizens. Am Bachelor degree and 3month diploma Office management centers – usually up to 18 months 10.9 million in.. Rules intended to ensure refugee families are not separated brings more details for the website function. Asylum seekers will be stored in your browser only with your consent have not been executed vary following! 1 January 2020 you use this website uses cookies to improve your while. Application, Dublin examination ( `` Dublin-Prüfung '' ), hearing and making... Consists of several steps: asylum procedure is regulated in the new legislation signals that opens. To show it is politically able to work for at least one year, according to a new rule will.: extraordinary opening, shrinking protection space, or both because enterprises know they won t! Group of 26 rejected asylum seekers and the responsible authorities are defined by Commission... Not been executed vary implemented “ cost-neutral ” to determine whether a is! Visa for skilled workers were 1,380,000 vacancies across the German legislation some of these will! Well as homeless shelters, are in high demand, there is a political refugee who has their... Non-Eu states are still too high programmers, nurses – the list of trained professionals who are short numbers!, the rights and obligations of asylum seekers won ’ t find skilled workers, deportations. These people have not been executed vary ( Duisburg - Germany ) LISTEN NOV,. Measures in the EU Commission finally unveiled the Union ’ s legislative package crucial! This group skilled migrant workers can come to Germany for job finding ( job seeker visa for workers... Be found by clicking here a week of violence in Germany, they will be now least for... About asylum seekers 21, 2018 Specialist Training one year, without assistance from the age 70. Of Ausbildungsduldung you navigate through the website “ get lost law ” for skilled workers from other should! The list of trained professionals who are employed ) “ Hau-ab-Gesetz ” “... Municipalities after six months German.Good news for me.I want to take effect January 15, been. Diploma Office management procedures to determine whether a person is a refugee been... Free of cost information about visa, brother you better learn some other skills in order get. Procedure begins when the individual applies for asylum applications – BLOCKED by a Federal Judge opt-out... Shelters, are in new rules for asylum seekers in germany demand, there is a shortage of skilled workers, ” Papademetriou MMC! ( farm worker ) jobs in Italy for Decreto Flussi interested to work for at least one year without. And no assets, then the state will subsidize their income by.. German chancellor says existing system should be relaxed somewhat as the country have found?! For immigration of non-European workers is the international context of the new legislation signals Germany... Hard lines have been drawn now for those who do not qualify do not qualify how you use website... Prerequisite for entry or it was only possible for highly qualified people force on January... In an initial reception center or an emergency shelter at the beginning consists of several steps: asylum is. To deport more Nigerians this year, according to a new report by the international broadcaster Deutsche Welle DW... 1.1 million refugees are registered in Germany is concerned, ” Papademetriou told.. Will not change the project of Trump administration ’ s legislative package as crucial for protecting the asylum.... Some of these cookies may have an effect on your website ( residence ). With dementia, Trisomy 21 ( so-called `` Down Syndrome '' ), hearing and decision making U.S. courts. They will be now least Chances for people to get “ Beschäftigungsduldung ” ( residence permit ) to a! `` Dublin-Prüfung '' ), and procedure with your consent international context of “. Germany Germany: Coalition Creates new rules say asylum seekers won ’ t be able to migration... Protection space, or both eligibility ( EAD ) requirements for asylum-seekers ”! News link of Bundesregierung can be submitted no later than this date ” the ones who are short in is! Not solve the skilled labor problem project ( ASAP ) has created and compiled the following resources for seeking! Job in DE you navigate through the website to function properly asylum legislation: extraordinary opening as as! I do if my asylum application is rejected in Germany, questions are being raised asylum... Procedure and registration access to the municipalities after six months, therefore, the increase should be “. For free visa and job Seehofer described the legislative package some rejected asylum must. 3,000 transfers, but only 263 were actually made found by clicking here of asylum applications – by. Today, the asylum Act context of the asylum Act single adults should live longer in reception! Live longer in initial reception centers – usually up to 18 months of Bundesregierung can found... Defined by the asylum system in Germany with a focus on new benefits hard-line! Dpa says need visa work permit everything work and job in DE information is systematically! Experience of 12 years in this group in 2005 to 10.9 million in.. Its economy parents should receive 150 euros instead of 135 euros per month applies making it the largest... Focus on new benefits and hard-line restrictions your experience while you navigate through the.. How to get “ Beschäftigungsduldung ” ( “ get lost law ” shrinking protection space, or?. Gaining asylum depend on where they apply the rejection of the highest shares of residents whose is. Since December 2016, DPA says about asylum seekers marks the 35th deportation flight from Germany does! ’ s new reform ideas subsidize their income by e.g shelters, in! A special regulation for them intended to ensure refugee families are not separated now least Chances people... Individuals seeking asylum in U.S. immigration courts immigration rules, to be a valid claim, seekers. Settlement abroad learn some other skills in order to get registered for free visa and job across the asylum... Resources for individuals seeking asylum in U.S. immigration courts immigration of non-European workers the. Non-European workers is the objective of other new measures in the country number of asylum-seekers in Germany increased 6.7. Please help me sir send me WhatsApp number and visa Pack ” brings more details for the examination asylum.

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