Upper respiratory infections are one of the most frequent causes for a doctor visit with varying symptoms ranging from runny nose, sore throat, cough, to breathing difficulty, and lethargy. Treatment of strep throat is generally antibiotics. The common cold and even the flu are considered respiratory infections – bugs that attack the respiratory tract. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Lower respiratory tract infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly with the annual incidence of pneumonia in community-dwelling elderly individuals ranging from 25 to 44 cases per 1000 people with increased risk for patients who are institutionalized and progressively higher rates of hospitalization with advancing age (Meyer, 2010; The respiratory tract is a general term that is used to describe all the parts of the body that are involved in helping a person to breathe. common cold is the most widespread type of (RTIs). You can also catch an illness by touching the nose or mouth after touching an object exposed to those germs. Bacterial and viral infections can cause similar symptoms such as coughing and sneezing, fever, ... For example, certain viruses attack cells in the liver, respiratory system, or blood. There are several self-care methods that can simply be applied at home for relief of symptoms of upper respiratory infection. However, the cough may carry on after the infection has gone. The FDA has not approved the use of oral zinc to treat the common cold or upper respiratory infections. ". Thus, there is a need for additional randomised controlled trials of effects of vitamin D(3) on infections. When should you seek medical care for a respiratory tract infection? Respiratory tract infection (RTI) refers to a range of infections that can occur in the upper and lower respiratory tract. Clinical trials with vitamin D(3) against various infections have been carried out but data are so far not conclusive. Learn the definition of a virus. A rapid strep test can assist in ruling out other causes of sore throat, This commonly includes nasal obstruction, sore throat, tonsillitis , pharyngitis , laryngitis , sinusitis , otitis media , … Respiratory Illnesses: 13 Types of Lung Infections. In evaluating people with suspected upper respiratory infection, other alternative diagnoses need to be considered. Adequate hydration with water, juices, and non-caffeinated drinks can thin nasal secretions and replace the fluid losses. If the virus is contagious enough, it can even be transmitted by talking to someone. and don't smoke. Therefore, the FDA recommended discontinuation of the use of intranasal zinc products in 2009. Treatments of sinus infections are generally with antibiotics and at times, home remedies. The initial infection of the respiratory tract leads to viremia and eventually produces fever and chills. An upper respiratory infection, or the common cold, is an infection that affects the nasal passages and throat. Indoor air pollution and lower respiratory tract infections in children Report of a symposium, Paris, 4 September 2006; Indoor air pollution: from solid fuels and risk of low birth weight and stillbirth Report from a symposium, September 2005, Johannesburg; Situation analysis of household energy use and indoor air pollution in Pakistan; 2000-04 Eventually, the lesions burst and form a crusty scab. Bacteria and viruses can be spread from the mouth to your respiratory tract. Natural and home remedies for sore throat symptoms and pain relief include essential oils, Terms in this set (98) What are the three sources of respiratory infections? 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