The average world farm yield for tomato was 33.6 tonnes per hectare, in 2012. [63], Plants with strong scents, like alliums (onions, chives, garlic), mints (basil, oregano, spearmint) and French marigold, (Tagetes patula) are thought to mask the scent of the tomato plant, making it harder for pests to locate it, or to provide an alternative landing point, reducing the odds of the pests from attacking the correct plant. Along with the scientific name of Beefsteak Tomato, know the scientific names of other plants too. The scientific name for tomato is Solanum lycopersicum. Ripe tomatoes contain significant umami flavor and they are a key ingredient in pizza, and are commonly used in pasta sauces. Among the most famous pairings is the tomato plant and carrots; studies supporting this relationship have produced a popular book about companion planting, Carrots Love Tomatoes. For other uses, see, Edible berry of the tomato plant, Solanum lycopersicum, The Aztecs, Richard F. Townsend [Thames and Hudson:London], revised edition 2000 (p. 180-1), SILVERTOWN, J. The tomato is now grown and eaten around the world. G. Miyao (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension Yolo County. The tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici, feeds on foliage and young fruit of tomato plants, causing shrivelling and necrosis of leaves, flowers, and fruit, possibly killing the plant. [52][53], The tomato is grown worldwide for its edible fruits, with thousands of cultivars. Tomatoes are easy to preserve whole, in pieces, as tomato sauce or paste by home canning. [28] They also contain small amounts of solanine, a toxic alkaloid found in potato leaves and other plants in the nightshade family. The earliest discovered cookbook with tomato recipes was published in Naples in 1692, though the author had apparently obtained these recipes from Spanish sources.[29]:17. Comments are closed. Hembree, UC Cooperative Extension Fresno County. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. 3.2K views Much of the confusion about whether a tomato is a fruit or vegetable comes from the common culinary applications for tomatoes. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF TOMATO – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of tomato or known locally as kamatis. Embracing it for this protest connotation, the Dutch Socialist party adopted the tomato as their logo. Tomato juice has been the official beverage of Ohio since 1965. Yong Huang, Epcot's manager of agricultural science, discovered the unique plant in Beijing, China. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. [45] The center is named for the late Dr. Charles M. Rick, a pioneer in tomato genetics research. The name "Rotten Tomatoes" derives from the practice of audiences throwing rotten tomatoes when disapproving of a poor stage performance. [46] Research on processing tomatoes is also conducted by the California Tomato Research Institute in Escalon, California.[47]. Scientific name i: Solanum lycopersicum: Taxonomy navigation › Solanum subgen. Tomatoes keep best unwashed at room temperature and out of direct sunlight. Hence genetic design of a commercial variety that combines the advantages of types u and U requires fine tuning, but may be feasible. Watch Queue Queue The town of Buñol, Spain, annually celebrates La Tomatina, a festival centered on an enormous tomato fight. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name … [40], Alexander W. Livingston receives much credit for developing numerous varieties of tomato for both home and commercial gardeners. Bookmark Like 1 Dislike 0 ⚐ Report. Like this answer? They belong to the family Solanaceae, or the nightshade family. These tomato plant wilt diseases are caused by fungi in the soil that enter through young roots, then begin to plug the vessels that move water to the roots and stems of the plants. Two of the major reasons for considering the genera separate are the leaf structure (tomato leaves are markedly different from any other Solanum), and the biochemistry (many of the alkaloids common to other Solanum species are conspicuously absent in the tomato). In 1875, he introduced the Acme, which was said to be involved in the parentage of most of the tomatoes introduced by him and his competitors for the next twenty-five years. However, even in the case of potatoes, while solanine poisoning resulting from dosages several times normal human consumption has been demonstrated, actual cases of poisoning from excessive consumption of potatoes are rare. The name tomato may have been derived from the Aztec word tomatl (which really means tomatillo). Author has 51 answers and 108.9K answer views The name of the tomato in the scientific is Solanum lycopersicum. We have listed Common Fruits and Vegetables with both their common names and scientific names. Goliath vs Beefmaster Yellow Brandywine vs 90 days indeterminate This is a very … (5-8 cm) intervals. The lanatus part is Latin, and has the meaning of being wooly, referring to the … California is a center of this sort of commercial tomato production and produces about a third of the processed tomatoes produced in the world. [25], The Tomato Genetic Resource Center, Germplasm Resources Information Network, AVRDC, and numerous seed banks around the world store seed representing genetic variations of value to modern agriculture. KathNiel Teleserye: Kathryn Bernardo, Daniel Talk About Upcoming Project, Yassi Pressman Alleged Ang Probinsyano Exit, ABS-CBN Asked To React, Riverdale: Watch AC Bonifacio, Madelaine Petsch Cheerdance Showdown, Johnny Manahan Reveals How Albee Benitez Ended SNL: ‘He should’ve done the math’. [21][22] A prerelease version of the genome was made available in December 2009. Modern hybrids focus on improving disease resistance over the heirloom plants. Watch Queue Queue. The scientific name of popular vegetables in India. These are Solanum lycopersicum and Lycopersicon lycopersicum . The C.M. Meiosis is central to the processes by which diploid microspore mother cells within the anther give rise to haploid pollen grains, and megaspore mother cells in ovules that are contained within the ovary give rise to haploid nuclei. Asked by: Karthika on Nov 6, 2015. The name tomato may have been derived from the Aztec word tomatl (which really means tomatillo). 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